Πέμπτη, 9 Σεπτεμβρίου 2010

Conference.Children and War: Past and Present Salzburg, 30 September – 2 October 2010

Children and War: Past and Present
Salzburg, 30 September – 2 October 2010


Thursday, 30 September 2010

9.30-10.30 Registration and Coffee / Tea
10.00 – 12.00 Opening Session (Room HS 380)
Words of welcome
Keynote addressNick Stargardt (University of Oxford)The subjectivity of children in the Second World War

12.00 – 14.00 Lunch Break

14.00 – 15.30 PANELS
PANEL 1 (Room HS 380) WW II: Forced blood donations for the Wehrmacht?
Chair: Alexander Prenninger (Salzburg)
Vincent C. Frank-Steiner (Basel, Switzerland)Slavic children forced to donate their blood for wounded enemy soldiers
Sebastian Stopper (Humboldt-University Berlin, Germany)The children’s camp Skobrovka: German human resources management at the eastern front and the myth of forced blood donation

PANEL 2 (Room HS 381) Civil war in Greece
Chair: John Buckley (Wolverhampton)
Tasoula Vervenioti (Hellenic Open University, Greece)Children soldiers in irregular wars. The case of the Greek Resistance and the Greek Civil War (1941-1949)
Vassiliki Vasiloudi and Vassiliki Theodorou (Democritus University of Thrace, Greece)Childhood at stake: The experience of displacement during the Greek Civil War, 1946-1949

PANEL 3 (Room HS 383)WW I: Children’s literature
Chair: Judith Burnett (Wolverhampton)
Pavlina Bobič (Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia)Time without fairytales: Children, literature and war in Slovenia, 1914-1918
Maureen Gallagher (University of Massachusetts, USA)Girls go to war: War pedagogy in German girls’ literature of the First World War
Carolyn Kay (Trent University, Ontario, Canada)“Father’s in the war!” Children’s literature in Germany during World War One

PANEL 4 (Room HS 387) WW II and aftermath: Displaced children
Chair: Ingrid Bauer (Salzburg)
Iris Fischer (University of Düsseldorf, Germany)Polish children as Displaced Persons after 1945
Lynne Taylor (University of Waterloo, Canada)The best laid plans … The challenges of unaccompanied DP children in Germany

PANEL 5 (Room HS 388) Kindertransport (I)
Chair: Angelika Schlackl (Salzburg)
Jana Buresova (University of London, UK)‘Wicked step-mother’ or ‘Fairy god-mother’? Some experiences of Czechoslovak refugee children in Britain during WWII
Eva M. Eppler (Roehampton University, UK)How to eat Würstel?
Ester Golan (Jerusalem, Israel)Motherless daughters. A case study: Young adolescent girls who grew up without a mother in the aftermath of the Shoa

PANEL 6 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: Female child soldiers
Chair: Grazia Prontera (Salzburg)
Megan Dale Lee (University of South Carolina, USA)Girls with guns: The complex roles of female child abductees in the Lord’s Resistance Army
Kristen E. Rau and Bridget E. Marchesi (University of Minnesota, USA)Post-conflict invisibility of girl child combatants: Reflecting civil society and the social undervaluation of female labor
Jane Rice (UK)Female child participants in war: A historical perspective on representations

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee / Tea Break

16.00 – 18.00 PANELS
PANEL 7 (Room HS 380) Trauma (I)
Chair: Darek Galasinski (Wolverhampton)
Gueorgui Chepelev (University of Paris 8, France)The little victims of the war that never happened: The Soviet children’s cold war fears in the 1970s
Maggie Fearn (University of Swansea, UK)Play as a resource for children facing adversity: An exploration of indicative case studies
Insa Fooken (Universität Siegen, Germany)World War II children coming of age: The impact of war-related early distress on attachment careers and mental health in adult development and aging
Matthias Franz (Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany)Fatherless children of World War II in Germany: Their psychosocial impairment in adulthood

PANEL 8 (Room HS 381) Kindertransport (II)
Chair: Ute Palmetshofer (Salzburg)
Martin Modlinger (University of Cambridge, UK)You can't change names and feel the same: The Kindertransport story of Susi Bechhöfer and W. G. Sebald's Austerlitz
Rosa Reicher (Heidelberg, Germany)Teaching Holocaust memory on the paradigm of Kindertransport children
Andrea Strutz (University of Graz, Austria)Journey of no return: A biographical approach to Austrian Jewish children’s fate in 1938 and their life stories

PANEL 9 (Room HS 383) Child soldiers: 17th century - WWI
Chair: Lena Ötzel (Salzburg)
M. J. Grant and Cornelia Nuxoll (Georg August University Göttingen, Germany)Children, music and the military: A historical overview
James Rice (State University of New York, USA)Playmate, hostage, soldier, spy: Children and warfare in colonial Virginia, 1607-1632
Pavel Petrovich Shcherbinin, Evgeniya Aleksandrovna Khludentsova (Tambov State University, Russia)Child soldiers during the First World War, 1914-1918: The experience of European children as witnesses to the war

PANEL 10 (Room HS 387) Contemporary: Testimony and memory
Chair: Stella Hockenhull (Wolverhampton)
Susan Honeyman (University of Nebraska-Kearney, USA)Listening to child refugees of “Wars on Terror”
Tamara Moellenberg (University of Oxford, UK)"Thank you for reading": The publication, promotion, and reception of child soldier memoirs from Sierra Leone and Sudan
Kirrily Pells (University of London, UK)‘Forgiveness: it’s just what you say’: National narratives versus daily experiences in the lives of Rwandan children and youth

PANEL 11 (Room HS 388) Contemporary: Child soldiers - methodological approaches
Chair: John Buckley (Wolverhampton)
Katherine Mikic (McGill University, Canada)Cycles of violence and their effect on how children cope in school and in society
Hidyeuki Okano (Osaka University, Japan)Victims and thugs: Unshared images of soldiers in Sub-Sahara Africa
David M. Rosen (Fairleigh Dickinson University, USA)From patriot to Victim: Representation of child soldiers in public discourse
Christine E. Ryan (University of Winchester, UK)Methodological and theoretical approaches to researching children: Lessons from the former child soldiers in Southern Sudan

PANEL 12 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: Rehabilitation and integration (I)
Chair: John Benson (Wolverhampton)
Natalie Grove and Abraham Kur Achiek (UNICEF, South Sudan)Ending child recruitment in South Sudan: Examining approaches to child Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration
Elizabeta Jevtic (University of Canterbury, UK)Child DDR programmes in Uganda and Congo
Lysanne Rivard (McGill University, Canada)The role of local sports and play activities in the social reintegration of children associated with fighting forces

19.00 Reception in the Neue Residenz, Kuenburgsaal
Courtesy of the Province of Salzburg and the City of Salzburg

Friday, 1 October 2010
9.30 – 10.00 Coffee / Tea
10.00 – 12.00 PANELS
PANEL 13 (Room HS 380) Trauma (II)
Chair: Philipp Mettauer (Vienna)
Nathan Durst (AMCHA, Israel)Psychotherapy with child survivors of the Shoa
Judith Gerardi (Empire State College, State University of New York, USA)Childhood, imagination, and war
Suzanne Kaplan (Uppsala University, Sweden)Children in genocide: Extreme traumatization and affectregulation
Nitin Sawhney (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)The role of participatory mapping and media narratives among children and adolescents in conflicts settings

PANEL 14 (Room HS 381) Film, photography, media (I)
Chair: Andreas Schmoller (Salzburg)
Eleanor Andrews (University of Wolverhampton, UK)Hide and seek: A child’s eye view of the Holocaust
Stella Hockenhull (University of Wolverhampton, UK)Innocent dreams and childhood fantasies: Surrealism and war in film and TV
Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan (University of Haifa, Israel)Little Men: The representation of children survivors in world cinema after 1945

PANEL 15 (Room HS 383) Civil war in Spain and Greece
Chair: Grazia Prontera (Salzburg)
Loukianos Hassiotis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece)Raising the ‘future of the nation’: Child welfare in Spain and Greece during and after the civil wars, 1936-39 and 1946-49
Alicia Pozo-Gutiérrez (University of Southampton, UK) and Padmini Broomfield (UK)Los Niños: Child exiles of the Spanish Civil War
Karl D. Qualls (University of East Anglia, UK)Niños Sovietica: Making Spanish child refugees Soviet, 1937-1951

PANEL 16 (Room HS 387) Refugees from Nazi Germany
Chair: Ernst Wangerman (Salzburg)
Yael Enoch (Open University of Israel, Israel)Children on the run: The flight from Nazi-occupied Denmark to Sweden during the Second World War
Steve Hochstadt (Illinois College, Jacksonville, USA)Jewish children as refugees in Shanghai, 1938-1949
Gisela Holfter (University of Limerick, Ireland)Child refugees in Ireland, 1933-1945
Bat-Ami Zucker (Bar-Ilan University, Israel)Children’s flight from Nazi persecution to American freedom

PANEL 17 (Room HS 388) Holocaust: Testimony and memory
Chair: Siegfried Göllner (Salzburg)
Gulie Ne’eman Arad (Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel)Holocaust child survivor: A microanalysis
Patricia Heberer (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, USA)Running in Auschwitz: The Holocaust “Diary” of Michael Kraus
Hanna Ulatowska (University of Texas at Dallas, USA)Child survivors and their paths to legacy

PANEL 18 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: Rehabilitation and reintegration (II)
Chair: Frances Pheasant-Kelly (Wolverhampton)
Kathleen Coppens (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)Psychosocial support for child soldiers in Northern Uganda: The view of practitioners compared to the voices of the beneficiaries
Nafila Maani (Child Helpline International (CHI)Child Helpline International
Sofie Vindevogel (Ghent University, Belgium)The prevalence and nature of traumatic experiences during child soldiering: The northern-Ugandan case
William Yule (King's College London, UK)The work of the Children and War Foundation

12.00 – 13.30 Lunch Break

13.30 – 15.30 PANELS
PANEL 19 (Room HS 380) WW I: Australia, Canada, UK
Chair: Judith Burnett (Wolverhampton)
Christophe Declercq (Imperial College London, UK)Belgian refugees and their children in England during the Great War
Kristine Alexander (York University Toronto, Canada)Canadian Girls and the Great War
Mourad Djebabla (McGill University, Canada)The Canadian children and the Canadian war effort during the Great War, 1914-1918: The strategies of the adults to mobilize the children in the society at war
Bart Ziino (Deakin University, Australia)‘Even the children know all about the war’: Children’s culture and the First World War in Australia

PANEL 20 (Room HS 381) WW II: Finland, France, Germany, Turkey
Chair: John Buckley (Wolverhampton)
Özlem Dilber (Bogazici University, Turkey)Streets as spaces of interaction between lower class children and the adult world during the Second World War in Turkey
Lindsey Dodd (University of Reading, UK)The moment of bombing: A moment that lasts a lifetime
Helene Laurent (University of Helsinki, Finland)The war experience of children in Finnish Lapland
Alexandra Vinall (Wadham College, Oxford, UK)The legacy of a wartime childhood in contemporary German anthologies

PANEL 21 (Room HS 383) WW II: Evacuation (I)
Chair: Helga Embacher (Salzburg)
Niko Gaertner (Institute of Education, London, UK)Operation Pied Piper: The wartime evacuation of schoolchildren from London and Berlin, 1938-45
Gregory S. Johnson (Otsuma Women`s University, Japan)Conscripting childhood: The evacuation of urban school children in wartime Japan
Radka Šustrová (Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes, Prague, Czech Republic)Amazing holiday or hard reality of war? German children evacuees in Bohemia and Moravia during World War II

PANEL 22 (Room HS 387) Holocaust: Ghettos and camps
Chair: Albert Lichtblau (Salzburg)
Sara Valentina Di Palma (University of Siena, Italy)“We ate laces and swallowed earth”: Children in Nazi camps
Diane Garst (University of Texas at Dallas, USA)The role of music training for children of the Holocaust
Thomas Rahe (Bergen-Belsen-Memorial, Germany)Children in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen
Adam Sitarek (Institute of National Remembrance, Łódź, Poland)Children in the face of Shoah: Case of the Lodz Ghetto

PANEL 23 (Room HS 388) Contemporary: Child refugees and asylum seekers (I)
Chair: Darek Galasinski (Wolverhampton)
Åsmund Aamaas and Judith Wiesinger (University of Salzburg, Austria)Young refugees in Upper Austria and Salzburg: Constraints, opportunities and resilience
Markéta Bačáková (Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic)Tearing down barriers in access to education of refugee children in the Czech Republic
Martha Héder (Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, Canada)Unaccompanied/separated children in Canada
Dima Zito (University of Wuppertal, Germany)Child soldiers as refugees in Germany

PANEL 24 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: International rights, law and welfare (I)
Chair: Wolfgang Auschauer (Salzburg)
Sarah Field (University College Cork, Ireland)Children’s voices in armed conflict: The transformative potential of actively listening for children’s lives
Helen Hamzei (Leiden University, Netherlands)Child war victims before the International Criminal Court: Avenue to justice for the most vulnerable?
Hilly Moodrick-Even Khen (Sha'arei Mishpat College, Israel)“Defense of” and “defense from” child terrorists: The dual role of International Law
Kristina Touzenis (Universities of Trieste and Pisa, Italy)Children on trial: Human rights and criminal law

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee / Tea Break

16.00 – 18.00 PANELS
PANEL 25 (Room HS 380) WW I: France, Hungary, Poland, UK
Chair: John Benson (Wolverhampton)
Carl Bouchard and Marie-Claire Lefort (Université de Montréal, Canada)War and postwar in kids’ words: French children letters to Woodrow Wilson, 1918-1919
Friederike Kind-Kovács (University of Regensburg, Germany)The embattled child or how the First World War affected Hungarian child welfare
Mary Clare Martin (University of Greenwich, UK)War, Resistance and Exile: Girl Guides in Great Britain, France and Poland, 1914-1945
Manon Pignot (University of Amiens, France)French children during the Great War: Physical and affective experience of the conflict

PANEL 26 (Room HS 381) WW II: Forced and slave labour
Chair: Dieter Steinert (Wolverhampton)
Herwig Czech (Documentation Center of the Austrian Resistance, Vienna, Austria)Nazi racial policy and the fate of children of forced laborers in Vienna
Martin Kranzl-Greinecker (Linz, Austria)Slave labourers’ children during WW II
Agnieszka Luczak (Institute of National Remembrance, Poznan, Poland)Polish children’s everyday life in Wielkopolska during the German occupation, 1939-1945

PANEL 27 (Room HS 383) WW II: Evacuation (II)
Chair: Georg Amering (Salzburg)
John A Hay (University of Wolverhampton, UK)Evacuation of British deaf schools during World War Two
Jennifer Redmond (NUI Maynooth, Ireland)Irish children and World War Two: Aliens in Britain
Jean P. Smith (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)Child evacuees and the promotion of migration to South Africa during the Second World War

PANEL 28 (Room HS 387) Holocaust: Aftermath
Chair: Darek Galasinski (Wolverhampton)
Kurt Grünberg (Sigmund-Freud-Institut, Frankfurt/Main, Germany)‘Scene Memory’ of Shoah survivors in Germany
Eleonore Lappin-Eppel (University of Graz, Austria)Children and war: The redeemed orphans of Theresienstadt
Sabine Schalm (Munich, Germany)Children from KZ Kaufering I: Exhibition held in the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site, 29th April – 29th October 2010
Maggie Wunnenberg Kirsh (University of Wisconsin, USA)The lost children of Europe: The rehabilitation of child Holocaust survivors in Britain and Palestine / Israel in the immediate post-war period

PANEL 29 (Room HS 388) Contemporary: Child refugees and asylum seekers (II)
Chair: Adelheid Schreilechner (Salzburg)
Tom Beck (Yeronga State High School, Brisbane, Australia)Enhancing educational and social outcomes for war refugee students: An Australian secondary school case study
Ramajana Hidic Demirovic (Indiana University Bloomington, USA)And the life goes on: Identity and survival of Bosnian children in the aftermath of genocide
Mohammad Reza Kiani (Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Iran), Maysam Behravesh (University of Tehran, Iran)Children of diaspora: War in Afghanistan and the identity problems of Afghan refugee children in Iran
Mariana Moreira Alves (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina)Cono Sur states policies concerning children and adolescents refugees and asylum seekers: A social representation and cross cultural psychological view and proposal

PANEL 30 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: International rights, law and welfare (II)
Chair: Wolfgang Aschauer (Salzburg)
Laurene Graziani (Université Paul-Cézanne Aix-Marseille III, France)Strengthening the international and regional framework for the protection of children's rights in armed conflicts: A children's rights perspective
Emilie Medeiros (University College London, UK)Child soldiers: Lost somewhere between Children's Rights and right to be a child
Sheila Narrainen (Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUIG, Ireland)The gender perspective and the right of boys during conflict

19.00 – 21.00 Film: Undzere Kinder – Our children (Room HS 380)
Poland, 1948, 68 min, b&w, Yiddish with English subtitles.Directors: Natan Gross & Shaul Goskind.Restoration & New English Subtitles: The National Center for Jewish Films, Brandeis University.
In this, Poland’s last Yiddish feature film, comedy duo Shimon Dzigan and Yisroel Shumacher play all the parts in a Sholem Aleichem story staged for an audience of children who survived the Holocaust. But the children outdo the performers when they exchange roles and demonstrate the healing, liberating powers of song, dance, and storytelling. Among the actors was Shimon Redlich, who attends the conference.
IntroductionGabriel N. Finder (University of Virginia, USA)
Reminiscences and commentsShimon Redlich (Ben-Gurion University, Israel)

Saturday, 2 October 2010
9.30 – 10.00 Coffee / Tea
10.00 – 12.00 PANELS
PANEL 31 (Room HS 380)Undzere Kinder (Our children)
Gabriel N. Finder talks to Shimon Redlich about the film, his time in hiding, Jewish life in post-war Łódź, and being a child survivor and a teenager in Israel

PANEL 32 (Room HS 381) Children born of war
Chair and commentator: Karin Schmidlechner-Lienhart (University of Graz, Austria)
Ingvill C. Mochmann (GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany)How to increase the knowledge base on war affected populations: Methodological considerations on the group of children born of war
Sabine Lee (University of Birmingham, UK)The human rights of children born of war: Case analyses of past and present conflicts
Barbara Stelzl-Marx (Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research on War Consequences, Austria)Ivan’s children: The offspring of Soviet occupations soldiers and local women in post-war Austria

PANEL 33 (Room HS 383) WW II: Belgium, Poland, Slovenia, Ukraine
Chair: Filip Fetko (Salzburg)
Machteld Venken (KU Leuven, Belgium)Growing up with World War II at the Border in the early post-war years
Blaž Vurnik (City Museum of Ljubljana, Slovenia)Hidden children in occupied Ljubljana, 1941-1945
Janusz Wróbel (Institute of National Remembrance, Łódź, Poland)Polish children in exile, 1939-1950: War experiences, deportation and repatriation

PANEL 34 (Room HS 388) Holocaust: Voices and testimonies
Chair: Darek Galasinski (Wolverhampton)
Lucille Cairns (University of Durham, UK)Hidden Jewish children in Vichy France during WWII: The case of Elisabeth Gille, Irène Némirovsky’s Daughter
Sonja Hedgepeth (Middle Tennessee State University, USA)The sexual abuse of a hidden child during the Holocaust: Nava Semel’s novel And the Rat Laughed
Beate Müller (University of Newcastle, UK)'Wait! I want that in order': Figurations of child voices in early post-war Holocaust testimonies
Sue Vice (University of Sheffield, UK)False memoir syndrome in Holocaust testimony

12.00 – 13.30 Lunch Break

13.30 – 15.30 PANELS
PANEL 35 (Room HS 380) Holocaust, Porrajmos and aftermath
Chair: Judith Burnett (Wolverhampton)
Film: Julie. A Gypsy child survivor of Auschwitz
Ruth Barnett (UK)Children in the hidden unacknowledged war against the Gypsies
Manfred Deselaers (Centre for Dialogue and Prayer in Oświęcim, Poland) and Małgorzata Musielak (Poland)The Memorial for the Children Prisoners of Auschwitz - School at Brzezinka, Poland

PANEL 36 (Room HS 381) WW I: Armenian genocide
Chair: Albert Lichtblau (Salzburg)
Panayiotis Diamadis (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)Rafael Lemkin, the Children of Anatolia and the 1948 Genocide Convention
Georgia Eglezou (Bournemouth University, UK)WW1 in the Ottoman Empire: Experiencing a genocide
Aram Mirzoyan (Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, Armenia)Children and the Armenian genocide: Sufferings and survival strategies
Victoria Rowe (University of Toronto, Canada)Reclaiming children in the Near East at the end of WWI: Towards an international practice of care

PANEL 37 (Room HS 383) Film, photography, media (II)
Chair: Johannes Hofinger (Salzburg)
Sadie Nickelson-Requejo (University of Texas at Austin, USA)From the eyes of babes: A child’s eye view of the Mexican Revolution and the Spanish Civil War
Frances Pheasant-Kelly (University of Wolverhampton, UK)Films of fantasy: Other worlds in wartime fiction
Julian Ward (University of Edinburgh, UK)The making of children’s war films in the People’s Republic of China

PANEL 38 (Room HS 387) WW II: Soviet Union
Chair: Christian Muckenhumer (Salzburg)
Svetlana Viktorovna Belichenko (Pomorsky State University, Russia)Influence of war on an everyday life of pupils of the Arkhangelsk region, 1941-1945
Julie deGraffenried (Baylor University, USA)Going to sleep with the living and waking up with the dead: Children’s suffering and resilience in the Soviet Union’s Great Patriotic War
Irina Rebrova (Krasnodar College of Management, Technics and Technologies, Russia)Children’s oral stories about their daily life experience during World War II
Christine Sochocky (Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Center, Toronto, Canada)Children in uniforms

PANEL 39 (Room HS 389) Contemporary: Life in war and conflict (II)
Chair: Thomas Spielbüchler (Salzburg)
Sofia Candeias (Stanford University, USA) and Claudia Seymour (University of London)Rethinking justice, impunity and the fight against sexual violence in Eastern DRC: Views from the ground
Laura Lee (University of British Columbia, Canada)Theatre works: Young women challenge conflict narratives in Rwanda and northern Uganda
Thomas Poirier (University of Bourgogne, France)The armed conflict effects on schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa
Gregory Weeks (Webster University, Vienna, Austria)Children, rape, genocide and war

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee / Tea Break

16.00 – 17.00 Closing Session (Room HS 380)